Corrected QTC Calculator



QTc Bazett:
QTc Fredericia:
QTc Framingham
QTc Hodges:


About Corrected QTC Calculator

What does QTc stand for?

The duration between complete ventricular repolarization and ventricular depolarization is measured as the QT interval. This procedure starts at the beginning of the q wave and lasts until the conclusion of the T wave. The beginning of the R wave would be the starting point if there were no q wave. Numerous factors have an impact on the QT interval. Heart rate, autonomic nerve tone, sympathomimetics, electrolytes, particularly calcium, some medicines, patient age and sex, and even sleep all have an impact on how long it lasts. This measurement is frequently disregarded by paramedics because to the difficulties in assessment and interpretation. This is regrettable because the QT measurement can assist you in identifying potentially fatal issues before they arise.

The time between the start of the QRS complex, which represents ventricular depolarization, and the end of the T wave, which results from ventricular repolarization, is known as the QT interval. There have been several reported typical lengths, and the normal QT interval is contentious. The typical QT interval is typically under 400–440 milliseconds (ms), or 0.4–0.44 seconds. Compared to men, women have a longer QT interval. A longer QT interval is also a result of lower heart rates. Examining if the T wave terminates after the RR interval's halfway point can quickly identify a prolonged QT interval. The T wave is prolonged if it terminates after the RR interval has reached halfway.

What is the normal range for QTc?

It should be between 0.33 to 0.44 seconds in an average adult. A prolonged QT interval is linked to the potential onset of ventricular arrhythmia, syncope, and sudden death. A QT interval greater than 0.44 seconds is a measure of myocardial electrical instability. Heart rate affects the QT interval. The QT interval is longer in females than in males. According to various definitions in the literature, normal QTc intervals are between 450 and 460 milliseconds (ms) for males and women, respectively. A QTc that is longer than 500 ms is regarded as protracted. A QTc of more over 500 ms is regarded as clinically significant and is probably associated with a higher risk of arrhythmia.

What is the difference between QT and QTc?

Heart rate and QT interval are inversely connected. In most cases, QT intervals are adjusted for heart rate so that, for example, if the heart rate is 60 beats per minute, the RR interval is 1 second and QTc equals QT. By multiplying the QT interval by the square root of the preceding R-R interval, the corrected QT interval (QTc) is determined. Regularity = 0.42 s

How to use bazett's formula?

The Bazett formula, QTc = QT / √RR, is the most popular way to determine the QTc. Using ECGs from 39 young patients, Bazett published the original version of this formula in 1920. Taran and Szilagyi then revised it in 1947. The QTc is undercorrected by the Bazett formula at slower heart rates whereas it is overcorrected at faster heart rates. The under-correction by the Bazett technique at slower heart rates has motivated research into alternate equations since patients are more at risk of TdP at these heart rates. Torsades de pointes are more likely to occur when the QT interval is prolonged. The QT interval is correlated with changes in heart rate; conversely, changes in heart rate are correlated with changes in the QT interval. The observed QT interval is "corrected" by the Bazett formula to a value (QTc) that corresponds to a heart rate of 60 bpm. Consequently, a patient's hypothetical QT interval value at a heart rate of 60 beats per minute was provided. Patients with a heart rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute should apply the formula. The readings might not be accurate in tachycardia or bradycardia situations. The Framingham method should be used to determine the corrected QT interval for heart rates below 60 or above 100 beats per minute.

How do you calculate QTc fridericia?

This formula for determining the electrocardiogram's (ECG) QT interval based on heart rate. Fridericia proposed that QT values more than 0.43 seconds were considered extended using this method. In 1920, the Fridericia equation (QTc = QT / RR1/3) was also created. The Bazett formula was found to be 54% more sensitive than the Fridericia formula in a trial of 108 patients for identifying manually observed QT prolongation. At greater heart rates, the Fridericia approach is however unreliable.

How to calculate QTc using hodges and framingham formulas?

Hodges created a linear QTc formula with a correction based on heart rate (HR) in 1983 to improve upon the shortcomings of the non-linear Bazett and Fridericia formulations. QTc = QT + 0.00175 * (HR - 60) The Framingham linear regression approach, which goes like this: QTc = QT + 0.154 * (1 - RR) was published in 1992 by the Framingham Heart Study. The Framingham Heart Study, which had 5,018 participants with a median age of 44, was used to create this formula.

The adage holds true for heart rates between 62 and 66 beats. This makes sense because a prolonged QT lasts about 500 ms, and at a heart rate of 60 bpm, the RR interval is 1000 ms, therefore the corrected QT is equal to the raw QT at that pace. The rule of thumb is cautious and overestimates the QT for heart rates greater than 66 beats per minute. In other words, you may be certain that the QT is not prolonged if the QT is less than 1/2 the RR and the heart rate is greater than 60 beats per minute. Computer methods are not precise when measuring QT, especially if the measurement is prolonged. If the computer's QT appears to be too long, do not believe it. It is manually measured. The "Half the QT" rule of thumb adjustment has a linear relationship: the QT is deemed lengthy if it exceeds 0.50 x the RR interval. When the heart rate is under 60, adjusting the QT can be dangerous. For heart rates more than 60, use correction mostly.